High blood pressure can cause more damage to the weakened vessels in your eye, leading to more leaking of fluid or blood and clouding more of your vision. The exam will likely include pupil dilation so that the doctor can look for any changes in blood vessels, new blood vessel growth, swelling of the retina, and retinal detachment. When these blood vessels are damaged, they may leak blood and grow fragile new vessels. When the condition is caught early, treatment is effective at reducing or preventing damage to sight. Beams of bright laser light make tiny burns to stop the leaking and to stop the growth of new blood vessels. Bleeding from abnormal retinal blood vessels can cause the appearance of “floating” spots. Diabetic retinopathy and DBE are detected during a comprehensive dilated eye exam that includes: Visual acuity testing. Hypertensive retinopathy is a complication of high blood pressure that usually takes many years to develop. In the early stages of GOP, there are only subtle changes and no obvious symptoms. If the vitreous haemorrhage is small, you may see a few new, dark floaters.
People with very high blood pressure and swelling of the optic nerve require emergency treatment in a hospital. A procedure called laser photo coagulation can be performed to seal or destroy growing or leaking blood vessels in the retina. Both are biodegradable and release a sustained dose of corticosteroids to suppress DBE.